Western tourists are traveling to the Amazon to drink the sacramental beverage ayahuasca — here’s what to expect at an ayahuasca retreat.
TL;DR: Ayahuasca is a powerful psychedelic decoction used for spiritual and medicinal purposes, made from two plants found in the Amazonian region. Indigenous communities in Latin America have been using it for generations, but in recent years, it has gained popularity in the West, leading to the phenomenon of “ayahuasca tourism”. An ayahuasca retreat involves a multi-day experience of consuming ayahuasca in a group setting facilitated by experienced shamans or “curanderos.” These retreats include structured programs that incorporate traditional Amazonian shamanic ceremonies, accompanied by rituals, chants, and other ceremonial practices. It's important to research and compare different retreat centers and consider factors such as reputation, location, duration, cost, accommodations, group size, and support and integration offered.
Ayahuasca, the sacred botanical brew used by indigenous Amazonian communities for spiritual and medicinal purposes, has gained increasing popularity in recent years, leading to the phenomenon of “ayahuasca tourism.”
Ayahuasca is made from two plants, Psychotria viridis and Banisteriopsis caapi, which together induce powerful psychedelic effects.
The key active ingredient in ayahuasca is N, N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT), found in Psychotria viridis, which is normally inactive when consumed orally due to an enzyme called monoamine oxidase in the stomach lining. However, the naturally occurring compounds in Banisteriopsis caapi called beta-Carbolines inhibit this enzyme, allowing for a psychedelic experience to occur.
The ritual use of ayahuasca has been passed down through generations in indigenous communities in Latin America, where it is considered a pathway to spiritual experiences. This has led to an increasing number of Westerners seeking ayahuasca retreats in the Amazon as a means of unlocking personal growth and self-exploration.
An ayahuasca retreat is a multi-day experience that involves consuming ayahuasca, a sacred plant medicine, in a group setting. There are typically 10-15 participants at each retreat. These retreats are typically held in Latin American countries such as Costa Rica, Colombia, Peru, and Ecuador, and are facilitated by experienced shamans or “curanderos.”
The retreats often include structured programs that incorporate traditional Amazonian shamanic ceremonies, which are conducted in ceremonial settings with the guidance of experienced curanderos or facilitators who assist participants throughout the process.
The duration of an ayahuasca retreat can vary, but it typically lasts for several days to a couple of weeks. During the retreat, participants may engage in multiple ayahuasca ceremonies, which are often accompanied by traditional rituals, chants, and other ceremonial practices. These ceremonies are believed to help participants gain insights, explore their consciousness, and connect with their inner selves, nature, and the spiritual realm.
In addition to the ayahuasca ceremonies, ayahuasca retreats may also offer other supportive practices such as meditation, yoga, breathwork, and individual or group integration sessions. Integration is an important part of the ayahuasca experience, as it involves processing and integrating the insights and experiences gained during the ceremonies into daily life.
The cost of an ayahuasca retreat in the Amazon can vary greatly depending on a number of factors such as the location, duration, accommodation, facilities, and services provided by the retreat center, as well as the expertise and reputation of the curanderos or facilitators leading the ceremonies. However, a general ballpark estimate for a 7 to 10-day ayahuasca retreat in the Amazon can range from $800 to $11,000 USD per person.
At the lower end of the price range, you may find basic retreat centers with more rustic accommodations and minimal amenities. These retreats may have fewer support staff and may offer fewer additional services, such as integration support or dietary guidance.
On the higher end of the price range, you may find more luxurious retreat centers with comfortable accommodations, modern facilities, and additional services such as personalized coaching, yoga, meditation, and other complementary therapies. These retreats may have a higher level of staff-to-participant ratio, which could provide more individual attention and support.
It's important to note that these estimates are approximate and prices can vary greatly depending on the specific retreat center, location, and other factors. Additionally, there may be additional costs associated with travel, visa, and other expenses depending on your location and travel arrangements.
It's recommended to thoroughly research and compare different retreat centers to find one that aligns with your budget, preferences, and safety considerations. Here are some questions to consider when choosing an ayahuasca retreat center:
Unfortunately, some people falsely claim to be curanderos without any real training or cultural background in shamanism. These individuals may take advantage of people seeking spiritual guidance or healing and may not have the knowledge or skills to provide safe and effective practices.
Here are some red flags to watch out for:
These considerations can serve as a starting point for evaluating and comparing different ayahuasca retreat centers to find one that aligns with your needs, preferences, and safety considerations. It's important to thoroughly research and ask questions to ensure a safe and beneficial experience.
Heroic Hearts, a nonprofit organization founded in April 2017, aims to connect veterans suffering from treatment-resistant PTSD with reputable ayahuasca retreat centers. By providing organized logistical and integration support, Heroic Hearts has made the process of finding healing simpler and more affordable for this trauma-stricken population.
Veterans who are eligible applicants can benefit from the services offered by Heroic Hearts, which include vetting and connecting them with reputable ayahuasca retreat centers, as well as providing support for integration after the retreat.
Ayahuasca retreats usually occur in natural settings, such as the Amazon rainforest or other secluded locations, to provide participants with a peaceful and suitable environment for introspection, healing, and spiritual exploration. Ceremonies are conducted in large, wooden, wall-less cabins with conical roofs called “malokas,” which are purposefully designed for ayahuasca ceremonies.
Participants are usually provided with a mat or mattress to lie on during the ceremony, and they may have their own designated space within the maloka or share the space with other participants.
In recent years, ayahuasca ceremonies have evolved to incorporate not only indigenous traditions but also the cultural backgrounds of the participants. This has resulted in a multicultural aspect to ayahuasca ceremonies, with specific details varying depending on the curandero's traditions and the characteristics of the group.
During the ceremony, curanderos play a crucial role in creating a supportive and healing environment. They treat participants with empathy and respect, guiding them skillfully through the unfolding experience. With a direct and mindful presence, the shamans focus on the group, creating optimal conditions for a cathartic experience.
A key feature of the ayahuasca ceremony is the performance of "icaros" or "ikaros," which are traditional indigenous Amazonian songs. These songs are sung by the curandero as an accompaniment to the ayahuasca healing ceremonies. Icaros are considered to be musical prayers that embody the spirits of the Amazonian plants and animals, as well as ancestors and higher powers. They are an integral part of the ceremonial experience, adding to the cultural richness and spiritual dimension of the ayahuasca journey.
The Ayahuasca Dieta, a preparatory regimen leading up to the ayahuasca ceremony, often includes specific guidelines for diet and lifestyle that participants are expected to follow. This typically involves abstaining from certain foods and behaviors to prepare the body and mind for the plant medicine experience.
Participants are commonly asked to eliminate all drugs, including prescription and recreational ones, and avoid certain foods for 2-4 weeks prior to the ceremony. Foods containing tyramine, in particular, are advised against, as the ayahuasca vine inhibits monoamine oxidase which is necessary for processing this amino acid.
To prepare for the ayahuasca journey, participants may be advised to avoid certain foods and activities. These include salt, refined sugar, spicy food, dairy, oils, and sex. By following these guidelines, participants can optimize their physical and mental states for the experience ahead.
In traditional shamanistic cultures, the dieta is considered as important as the ayahuasca journey itself, reflecting the significance of adhering to these preparatory guidelines for a meaningful and safe experience.
Note: It's essential to follow the specific dieta guidelines provided by the curanderos or facilitators at the ayahuasca retreat you are attending, as these may vary depending on the tradition, location, and individual circumstances.
Consumption of ayahuasca facilitates the emergence of an entirely new state of consciousness, often perceived as mystical, that typically lasts 4-6 hours. After drinking ayahuasca, it may take 30 minutes for detectable effects to kick in.
It's important to note that ayahuasca journeys often involve physically challenging experiences, including purgation effects. Many ayahuasca retreat attendees may purge soon after consuming the brew, which can be unpleasant, but is often considered part of the healing process.
Commonly reported subjective effects of ayahuasca include:
Ayahuasca can facilitate an expanded awareness that allows users to view their negative emotions or afflictions within a broader perspective. Some individuals may also report a shift from emotionally distressing states of consciousness to blissful states sometimes described as “cosmic consciousness.” This altered state of mind is characterized by a sense of interconnectedness, oneness with the universe, and heightened appreciation for nature.
The feeling of connectedness to others and nature, along with a renewed sense of self, can help alleviate the sense of isolation that often accompanies physical and mental health conditions, making it a potentially valuable therapeutic experience.
During ayahuasca journeys, some individuals report encounters with seemingly intelligent entities and telepathic communication. While the reality of these encounters may be subject to debate, the experience can be vivid and profound.
Ayahuasca is a powerful and profound plant medicine that can induce intense psychological, emotional, and spiritual experiences. Set, which refers to an individual's mindset, intention, and preparation, is considered an important factor when working with ayahuasca and managing its psychoactive effects.
Having a positive set, which includes being in a grounded and open mindset, having clear intentions, and being prepared mentally and emotionally, can help individuals navigate and integrate the effects of ayahuasca in a more constructive and beneficial way.
Overall, ayahuasca's effects on awareness and perception can vary greatly among individuals, and it's important to approach the experience with an open mind and in a safe and supportive environment. Seek professional guidance if needed and be mindful of the unique and unpredictable nature of ayahuasca journeys.
Ayahuasca is associated with several contraindications.
People who travel to retreat centers should be clinically screened at intake before the ceremony commences to rule out a familial or personal history of psychotic disorders. Individuals with genetic vulnerabilities to such disorders are typically excluded from ceremonies.
Ayahuasca may also be contraindicated for individuals with certain medical conditions such as heart conditions, high blood pressure, liver or kidney disease, epilepsy, or a history of stroke.
Ayahuasca can interact with certain medications, including antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications, antipsychotics, and other medications that affect serotonin levels. Combining ayahuasca with these medications can potentially cause serious health risks, including serotonin syndrome.
It's crucial to disclose all medications you are taking to the facilitators or curanderos at the ayahuasca retreat, and to consult with a qualified healthcare professional for appropriate guidance. It's important to consult with a qualified healthcare professional if you have any pre-existing medical conditions before considering ayahuasca.
Ayahuasca is a powerful psychoactive substance that requires careful consideration and preparation. To ensure a safe and meaningful experience, it's important to choose a reputable retreat center with experienced facilitators, understand the potential risks and benefits of ayahuasca, and consult with a qualified healthcare professional if necessary.
Prioritizing centers that provide a balanced and realistic perspective on the potential benefits and limitations of the plant medicine is essential. Thorough research should be conducted to choose a reputable retreat center with experienced and knowledgeable facilitators who prioritize safety, ethical practices, and responsible use of ayahuasca.
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